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Every manager and business owner must be aware of the laws governing employment practices.
Understanding the laws and incorporating them into policies is the best way to avoid labor law issues.
Following is a historical list of the most common labor laws:
This Act established a legal right for employees to participate in union membership.
This Act established the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB), which requires employers to bargain with employees for working conditions, work hours, and wages if the majority of employees request representation.
This Act was established to set child labor restrictions, overtime pay, and minimum wage requirements for employers.
This Act allows for union representation as a bargaining unit when the majority of employees vote for it. The Act also forbids employers from establishing labor organizations.
This Act requires employers to pay men and women equally when they do the same work. The exception to this is when there are merit-based or seniority differences.
This Act forbids discrimination against Vietnam veterans and applies to both agencies and federal contractors.
This Act requires employers to apply the same benefits and policies to pregnant women and pregnancy-related conditions as other disabilities.
This Act allows employees up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave for family and medical emergencies.
For more details on these and other employment laws, please visit the Division of Labor website.
Understanding these core laws and regulations is an important first step toward successful small business management.